How to Install Reduced on Your Synology NAS

How to Install Reduced on Your Synology NAS

Reduced is a modern free web application that reduces the length of a link URL so it’s easier to remember, share and track. In other words, Reduced is an Open-Source URL Shortener. Convert those ugly and long URLs into short, easy to manage links and QR-Codes. If you want to run a more complex and advanced URL shortener, take a look at my Shlink Installation guide. In this step by step guide I will show you how to install Reduced on your Synology NAS using Docker and Portainer.

  • STEP 1

Please Support My work by Making a Donation.

  • STEP 2

Install Portainer using my step by step guide. If you already have Portainer installed on your Synology NAS, skip this STEP. Attention: Make sure you have installed the latest Portainer version.

  • STEP 3

Make sure you have a synology.me Wildcard Certificate. Follow my guide to get a Wildcard Certificate. If you already have a synology.me Wildcard certificate, skip this STEP.

  • STEP 4

Go to Control Panel / Login Portal / Advanced Tab / click Reverse Proxy. Follow the instructions in the image below.

Reduced Synology NAS Set up 1

  • STEP 5

Now click the “Create” button. Follow the instructions in the image below.

Reduced Synology NAS Set up 2

  • STEP 6

After you click the Create button, the window below will open. Follow the instructions in the image below.

On the General area, set the Reverse Proxy Name description: type in Reduced. After that, add the following instructions:

Source:
Protocol: HTTPS
Hostname: reduced.yourname.synology.me
Port: 443

Destination:
Protocol: HTTP
Hostname: Add your own NAS IP.
Port: 8302

Reduced Synology NAS Set up 3

  • STEP 7

On the Reverse Proxy Rules click the Custom Header tab. Click Create and then, from the drop-down menu, click WebSocket. After you click on WebSocket, two Header Names and two Values will be automatically added. Click Save. Follow the instructions in the image below.

Synology Proxy WebSocket

  • STEP 8

Go to Control Panel / Network / Connectivity tab/ Check Enable HTTP/2 then click Apply. Follow the instructions in the image below.

Reduced Synology NAS Set up 4

  • STEP 9

Go to Control Panel / Security / Advanced tab/ Check Enable HTTP Compression then click Apply. Follow the instructions in the image below.

Reduced Synology NAS Set up 5

  • STEP 10

Go to File Station and open the docker folder. Inside the docker folder, create one new folder and name it reducedb. Follow the instructions in the image below.
Note: Be careful to enter only lowercase, not uppercase letters.

Reduced Synology NAS Set up 6

  • STEP 11

Log into Portainer using your username and password. On the left sidebar in Portainer, click on Stacks then + Add stack. Follow the instructions in the image below.

1 Synology Portainer Add Stack

  • STEP 12

In the Name field type in reduced. Follow the instructions in the image below.

Note: Copy Paste the code below in the Portainer Stacks Web editor.

version: "3.9"
services:
  reduced-db:
    image: postgres
    container_name: Reduced-DB
    hostname: reduced-db
    security_opt:
      - no-new-privileges:true
    healthcheck:
      test: ["CMD", "pg_isready", "-q", "-d", "reduced", "-U", "reduceduser"]
      timeout: 45s
      interval: 10s
      retries: 10
    user: 1026:100
    volumes:
      - /volume1/docker/reducedb:/var/lib/postgresql/data
    environment:
      POSTGRES_DB: reduced
      POSTGRES_USER: reduceduser
      POSTGRES_PASSWORD: reducedpw
    restart: always

  reduced-back:
    image: ghcr.io/origranot/reduced.to/backend:master
    container_name: Reduced-BACK
    hostname: reduced-back
    security_opt:
      - no-new-privileges:true
    user: 1026:100
    environment:
      - APP_PORT=3000
      - RATE_LIMIT_TTL=60
      - RATE_LIMIT_COUNT=10
      - FRONT_DOMAIN=http://reduced-front:5000
      - DATABASE_URL=postgresql://reduceduser:reducedpw@reduced-db:5432/reduced?schema=public
      - JWT_SECRET=MariushostingMariushostingMari13
    restart: always
    depends_on:
      reduced-db:
        condition: service_healthy

  reduced-front:
    image: ghcr.io/origranot/reduced.to/frontend:master
    container_name: Reduced-FRONT
    hostname: reduced-front
    security_opt:
      - no-new-privileges:true
    healthcheck:
      test: wget --no-verbose --tries=1 --spider http://localhost:5000/ || exit 1
    user: 1026:100
    environment:
      - API_DOMAIN=http://reduced-back:3000
    ports:
      - 192.168.1.18:8302:5000
    restart: always
    depends_on:
      - reduced-back
      - reduced-db

Note: Before you paste the code above in the Web editor area below, change the value numbers for user with your own UID and GID values. (Follow my step by step guide on how to do this.) 1026 is my personal UID value and 100 is my personal GID value. You have to type in your own values.
Note: Before you paste the code above in the Web editor area below, change the value for JWT_SECRET and add your own JWT SECRET. MariushostingMariushostingMari13 is an example for a JWT SECRET. You should invent your own Value. Add 32 random characters, both letters and numbers.
Note: Before you paste the code above in the Web editor area below, change the value for ports and add your own Synology Local NAS IP. 192.168.1.18 is my own Synology Local NAS IP. You should type in your own Synology Local NAS IP.

Reduced Synology NAS Set up 7

  • STEP 13

Scroll down on the page until you see a button named Deploy the stack. Click on it. Follow the instructions in the image below. The installation process can take up to a few minutes. It will depend on your Internet speed connection.

Reduced Synology NAS Set up 8

  • STEP 14

If everything goes right, you will see the following message at the top right of your screen: “Success Stack successfully deployed“.

Reduced Synology NAS Set up 9

  • STEP 15

Go back to STEP 1 or you will deal with karma 🙂.

  • STEP 16

Now open your browser and type in your HTTPS/SSL certificate like this https://reduced.yourname.synology.me In my case it’s https://reduced.mariushosting.synology.me If everything goes right, you will see the reduced main page. Type in a long link then click SHORTEN URL to shorten your very long URL into an URL with fewer characters. Follow the instructions in the image below.

Reduced Synology NAS Set up 10

  • STEP 17

You can also switch to the Dark Mode theme. Follow the instructions in the image below.

Reduced Synology NAS Set up 11

Enjoy Reduced!

Note: Find out how to update the Reduced container with the latest image.
Note: Can I run Docker on my Synology NAS? See the supported models.
Note: How to Free Disk Space on Your NAS if You Run Docker.
Note: How to Schedule Start & Stop For Docker Containers.
Note: How to Activate Email Notifications.
Note: How to Add Access Control Profile on Your NAS.
Note: How to Change Docker Containers Restart Policy.
Note: How to Use Docker Containers With VPN.
Note: Convert Docker Run Into Docker Compose.
Note: How to Clean Docker.
Note: How to Clean Docker Automatically.
Note: Best Practices When Using Docker and DDNS.
Note: Some Docker Containers Need WebSocket.

This post was updated on Friday / November 18th, 2022 at 1:23 PM