How to Install Zabbix on Your Synology NAS

How to Install Zabbix on Your Synology NAS

Zabbix is a software that monitors numerous parameters of a network and the health and integrity of servers. Zabbix uses a flexible notification mechanism that allows users to configure e-mail-based alerts for virtually any event. This allows a fast reaction to server problems. Zabbix offers excellent reporting and data visualization features based on the stored data. This makes Zabbix ideal for capacity planning. In this step by step guide I will show you how to install Zabbix on your Synology NAS using Docker & Portainer.

💡Note: This guide works perfectly with the latest Zabbix v6.4.13 release.

  • STEP 1

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  • STEP 2

Install Portainer using my step by step guide. If you already have Portainer installed on your Synology NAS, skip this STEP. Attention: Make sure you have installed the latest Portainer version.

  • STEP 3

Make sure you have a synology.me Wildcard Certificate. Follow my guide to get a Wildcard Certificate. If you already have a synology.me Wildcard certificate, skip this STEP.

  • STEP 4

Go to Control Panel / Login Portal / Advanced Tab / click Reverse Proxy. Follow the instructions in the image below.

Zabbix Synology NAS Set up 1

  • STEP 5

Now click the “Create” button. Follow the instructions in the image below.

Zabbix Synology NAS Set up 2

  • STEP 6

After you click the Create button, the window below will open. Follow the instructions in the image below.

On the General area, set the Reverse Proxy Name description: type in Zabbix. After that, add the following instructions:

Source:
Protocol: HTTPS
Hostname: zabbix.yourname.synology.me
Port: 443

Check Enable HSTS

Destination:
Protocol: HTTP
Hostname: localhost
Port: 8532

Zabbix Synology NAS Set up 3

  • STEP 7

On the Reverse Proxy Rules click the Custom Header tab. Click Create and then, from the drop-down menu, click WebSocket. After you click on WebSocket, two Header Names and two Values will be automatically added. Click Save. Follow the instructions in the image below.

Synology Proxy WebSocket

  • STEP 8

Go to Control Panel / Network / Connectivity tab/ Check Enable HTTP/2 then click Apply. Follow the instructions in the image below.

Zabbix Synology NAS Set up 4

  • STEP 9

Go to Control Panel / Security / Advanced tab/ Check Enable HTTP Compression then click Apply. Follow the instructions in the image below.

Zabbix Synology NAS Set up 5

  • STEP 10

Go to File Station and open the docker folder. Inside the docker folder, create one new folder and name it zabbix. Follow the instructions in the image below.
Note: Be careful to enter only lowercase, not uppercase letters.

Zabbix Synology NAS Set up 6

  • STEP 11

Now create thirteen new folders inside the zabbix folder that you created at STEP 10 and name them alerts, db, dbscripts, enc, export, external, keys, mibs, modules, nginx, server, sharemodules, snmp. Follow the instructions in the image below.
Note: Be careful to enter only lowercase, not uppercase letters.

Zabbix Synology NAS Set up 7

  • STEP 12

Log into Portainer using your username and password. On the left sidebar in Portainer, click on Stacks then + Add stack. Follow the instructions in the image below.

1 Synology Portainer Add Stack

  • STEP 13

In the Name field type in zabbix. Follow the instructions in the image below.

Note: Copy Paste the code below in the Portainer Stacks Web editor.

version: '3.9'
services:
  postgres:
    image: postgres:16
    container_name: Zabbix-DB
    volumes:
      - /volume1/docker/zabbix/db:/var/lib/postgresql/data:rw
    environment:
      POSTGRES_DB: zabbix
      POSTGRES_USER: zabbixuser
      POSTGRES_PASSWORD: zabbixpass
    healthcheck:
      test: [ "CMD", "pg_isready", "-q", "-d", "zabbix", "-U", "zabbixuser" ]
      interval: 10s
      timeout: 5s
      retries: 3
      start_period: 60s
    restart: on-failure:5

  zabbix-server:
    image: zabbix/zabbix-server-pgsql
    container_name: Zabbix-SERVER
    ports:
      - 10051:10051
    environment:
      DB_SERVER_HOST: postgres
      DB_SERVER_PORT: 5432
      POSTGRES_DB: zabbix
      POSTGRES_USER: zabbixuser
      POSTGRES_PASSWORD: zabbixpass
    volumes:
     - /volume1/docker/zabbix/server:/var/lib/zabbix/export:rw
     - /volume1/docker/zabbix/snmp:/var/lib/zabbix/snmptraps:rw
     - /volume1/docker/zabbix/alerts:/usr/lib/zabbix/alertscripts:ro
     - /volume1/docker/zabbix/external:/usr/lib/zabbix/externalscripts:ro
     - /volume1/docker/zabbix/dbscripts:/var/lib/zabbix/dbscripts:ro
     - /volume1/docker/zabbix/export:/var/lib/zabbix/export:rw
     - /volume1/docker/zabbix/modules:/var/lib/zabbix/modules:ro
     - /volume1/docker/zabbix/enc:/var/lib/zabbix/enc:ro
     - /volume1/docker/zabbix/keys:/var/lib/zabbix/ssh_keys:ro
     - /volume1/docker/zabbix/mibs:/var/lib/zabbix/mibs:ro
    healthcheck:
      test: grep -qr "zabbix_server" /proc/*/status || exit 1
      interval: 10s
      timeout: 5s
      retries: 3
      start_period: 90s
    restart: on-failure:5
    depends_on:
      postgres:
        condition: service_healthy

  zabbix-dashboard:
    image: zabbix/zabbix-web-nginx-pgsql
    container_name: Zabbix-WEB
    environment:
      DB_SERVER_HOST: postgres
      DB_SERVER_PORT: 5432
      POSTGRES_DB: zabbix
      POSTGRES_USER: zabbixuser
      POSTGRES_PASSWORD: zabbixpass
      ZBX_SERVER_HOST: zabbix-server
      PHP_TZ: Europe/Bucharest
      ZABBIX_DASHBOARD_HOSTNAME: zabbix.yourname.synology.me
    volumes:
     - /volume1/docker/zabbix/sharemodules:/usr/share/zabbix/modules/:ro
     - /volume1/docker/zabbix/nginx:/etc/ssl/nginx:ro
    ports:
      - 8532:8080
    healthcheck:
      test: ["CMD", "curl", "-f", "http://localhost:8080/"]
      interval: 10s
      timeout: 5s
      retries: 3
      start_period: 90s
    restart: on-failure:5

Note: Before you paste the code above in the Web editor area below, change the value for PHP_TZ. (Select your current Time Zone from this list.)
Note: Before you paste the code above in the Web editor area below, change the value for ZABBIX_DASHBOARD_HOSTNAME and type in your own synology.me DDNS without https:// at the beginning that you have previously created at STEP 6.

Zabbix Synology NAS Set up 8

  • STEP 14

Scroll down on the page until you see a button called Deploy the stack. Click on it. Follow the instructions in the image below. The installation process can take up to a few minutes. It will depend on your Internet speed connection.

Zabbix Synology NAS Set up 9

  • STEP 15

If everything goes right, you will see this message at the top right of your screen: “Success Stack successfully deployed“.

Zabbix Synology NAS Set up 10

  • STEP 16

Go back to STEP 1 or you will deal with karma 🙂.

  • STEP 17

Please wait approximately 2-3 minutes for the installation to be completed or you will get a Database error page if you try to connect too soon. Now open your browser and type in your HTTPS/SSL certificate like this https://zabbix.yourname.synology.me In my case it’s https://zabbix.mariushosting.synology.me If everything goes right, you will see the Zabbix Login Page. Type in the default Username and Password then click Login. Follow the instructions in the image below.

⚠️Warning: the default username is Admin and the default password is zabbix

Zabbix Synology NAS Set up 11

  • STEP 18

On the left sidebar click User settings then Profile. Follow the instructions in the image below.

Zabbix Synology NAS Set up 12

  • STEP 19

Change the default zabbix Password and Theme. Click Update. Follow the instructions in the image below.

Zabbix Synology NAS Set up 13

  • STEP 20

Your Zabbix dashboard at a glance!

Zabbix Synology NAS Set up 14

  • STEP 21

To add your NAS as a host in Zabbix, you need to create new host in Zabbix then activate SNMP on your NAS in Control Panel / Terminal & SNMP / SNMPv3. From the Zabbix website download the yaml file then check the instructions for Synology Integration snmpv3/6.0

Enjoy Zabbix!

🆘TROUBLESHOOTING

If you encounter issues by using this container, make sure to check out the Common Docker issues article.

Note: Can I run Docker on my Synology NAS? See the supported models.
Note: How to Back Up Docker Containers on your Synology NAS.
Note: Find out how to update the Zabbix container with the latest image.
Note: How to Free Disk Space on Your NAS if You Run Docker.
Note: How to Schedule Start & Stop For Docker Containers.
Note: How to Activate Email Notifications.
Note: How to Add Access Control Profile on Your NAS.
Note: How to Change Docker Containers Restart Policy.
Note: How to Use Docker Containers With VPN.
Note: Convert Docker Run Into Docker Compose.
Note: How to Clean Docker.
Note: How to Clean Docker Automatically.
Note: Best Practices When Using Docker and DDNS.
Note: Some Docker Containers Need WebSocket.
Note: Find out the Best NAS Models For Docker.
Note: Activate Gmail SMTP For Docker Containers.

This post was updated on Wednesday / March 27th, 2024 at 6:43 PM