How to Install Synapse on Your Synology NAS

How to Install Synapse on Your Synology NAS

Matrix is an open standard for decentralized communication which securely distributes persistent chatrooms over an open federation of servers, preventing any single points of control or failure. This guide will help you install and get started with Matrix and its reference home server, Synapse. You can install it on a mini-computer like the Raspberry Pi or on a Synology NAS to host Matrix Synapse for your family, friends or company. In this step by step guide I will show you how to install Synapse on your Synology NAS using Docker and Portainer.

Note: This guide works perfectly with the latest Synapse v1.75.0 release.

  • STEP 1

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  • STEP 2

Install Portainer using my step by step guide. If you already have Portainer installed on your Synology NAS, skip this STEP. Attention: Make sure you have installed the latest Portainer version.

  • STEP 3

Make sure you have a synology.me Wildcard Certificate. Follow my guide to get a Wildcard Certificate. If you already have a synology.me Wildcard certificate, skip this STEP.

  • STEP 4

Install Text Editor via Synology “Package Center”. (Mandatory STEP.) If you already have Text Editor installed on your Synology NAS, skip this STEP.

Synology Install Text Editor 2023

  • STEP 5

Go to Control Panel / Login Portal / Advanced Tab / click Reverse Proxy. Follow the instructions in the image below.

Synapse Matrix Synology NAS Set up 1

  • STEP 6

Now click the “Create” button. Follow the instructions in the image below.

Synapse Matrix Synology NAS Set up 2

  • STEP 7

After you click the Create button, the window below will open. Follow the instructions in the image below.

On the General area, set the Reverse Proxy Name description: type in Synapse. After that, add the following instructions:

Source:
Protocol: HTTPS
Hostname: synapse.yourname.synology.me
Port: 443

Check Enable HSTS

Destination:
Protocol: HTTP
Hostname: localhost
Port: 8450

Synapse Matrix Synology NAS Set up 3 new

  • STEP 8

On the Reverse Proxy Rules click the Custom Header tab. Click Create and then, from the drop-down menu, click WebSocket. After you click on WebSocket, two Header Names and two Values will be automatically added. Click Save. Follow the instructions in the image below.

Synology Proxy WebSocket

  • STEP 9

Go to Control Panel / Network / Connectivity tab/ Check Enable HTTP/2 then click Apply. Follow the instructions in the image below.

Synapse Matrix Synology NAS Set up 4

  • STEP 10

Go to Control Panel / Security / Advanced tab/ Check Enable HTTP Compression then click Apply. Follow the instructions in the image below.

Synapse Matrix Synology NAS Set up 5

  • STEP 11

Go to File Station and open the docker folder. Inside the docker folder, create one new folder and name it synapse. Follow the instructions in the image below.
Note: Be careful to enter only lowercase, not uppercase letters.

Synapse Matrix Synology NAS Set up 6

  • STEP 12

Now create two new folders inside the synapse folder that you created at STEP 11 and name them data and db. Follow the instructions in the image below.
Note: Be careful to enter only lowercase, not uppercase letters.

Synapse Matrix Synology NAS Set up 7

  • STEP 13

Go to Control Panel / Task Scheduler / Create / Scheduled Task / User-defined script. Follow the instructions in the image below.

Synapse Matrix Synology NAS Set up 8

  • STEP 14

Once you click on User-defined script, a new window will open. Follow the instructions below:

  1. General: In the Task field type in Synapse HomeServer. Uncheck the “Enabled” option. Select root User.
  2. Schedule: Select Run on the following date then select “Do not repeat“.
  3. Task Settings: Check “Send run details by email“, add your email then copy paste the code below in the Run command area. After that, click OK.
#!/bin/bash
docker run --rm \
--user 1026:100 \
-v /volume1/docker/synapse/data:/data \
-e SYNAPSE_CONFIG_PATH=/data/homeserver.yaml \
-e SYNAPSE_SERVER_NAME=mariushosting \
-e SYNAPSE_REPORT_STATS=yes \
matrixdotorg/synapse:latest generate

Note: Before you paste the code above in the Run command area below, change the value numbers for – – user with your own UID and GID values. (Follow my step by step guide on how to do this.) 1026 is my personal UID value and 100 is my personal GID value. You have to type in your own values.
Note: Before you paste the code above in the Run command area, change the value for SYNAPSE_SERVER_NAME and add your own SYNAPSE SERVER NAME. mariushosting is an example for SYNAPSE SERVER NAME.

Synapse Matrix Synology NAS Set up 9

  • STEP 15

After you click OK on STEP 14 a new warning pop up window will open. Click OK.

Synapse Matrix Synology NAS Set up 10

  • STEP 16

After you click OK on STEP 15, select your “Synapse HomeServer” Task then click the “Run” tab. You will be asked to run Synapse HomeServer – click Yes. Follow the instructions in the image below.

Synapse Matrix Synology NAS Set up 11 new

  • STEP 17

The installation process can take up to a few seconds/minutes. It will depend on your Internet speed connection.

  • STEP 18

Open Synology File Station, then open the data folder that you have previously created at STEP 12. As you can see, the data folder is now populated with some files. Double click on the homeserver.yaml – Follow the instructions in the image below. Note: To be able to open the homeserver.yaml file, you should have Synology Text Editor installed as per the instructions at STEP 4.

Synapse Matrix Synology NAS Set up 12

  • STEP 19

Copy paste the code below just after your own server_name: “yourservername”.

enable_registration: true
enable_registration_without_verification: true
enable_group_creation: true

Synapse Matrix Synology NAS Set up 13

  • STEP 20

Remove the lines below from the code in the homeserver.yaml file. Follow the instructions below.

database:
name: sqlite3
args:
database: /data/homeserver.db

Synapse Matrix Synology NAS Set up 14

  • STEP 21

Replace with the code below. Copy then paste it in your homeserver.yaml file. Follow the instructions in the image below

database:
  name: psycopg2
  args:
    user: synapseuser
    password: synapsepass
    database: synapsedb
    host: synapse-db
    cp_min: 5
    cp_max: 10

Synapse Matrix Synology NAS Set up 15

  • STEP 22

Click X at the top right of the page. You will be prompted to Save the changes in the homeserver.yaml file. Click Save. Follow the instructions in the image below.

Synapse Matrix Synology NAS Set up 16

  • STEP 23

Log into Portainer using your username and password. On the left sidebar in Portainer, click on Stacks then + Add stack. Follow the instructions in the image below.

1 Synology Portainer Add Stack

  • STEP 24

In the Name field type in synapse. Follow the instructions in the image below.

Note: Copy Paste the code below in the Portainer Stacks Web editor.

version: "3.9"
services:
  synapse-db:
    image: postgres
    container_name: Synapse-DB
    hostname: synapse-db
    security_opt:
      - no-new-privileges:true
    healthcheck:
      test: ["CMD", "pg_isready", "-q", "-d", "synapsedb", "-U", "synapseuser"]
      timeout: 45s
      interval: 10s
      retries: 10
    user: 1026:100
    volumes:
      - /volume1/docker/synapse/db:/var/lib/postgresql/data
    environment:
      - POSTGRES_DB=synapsedb
      - POSTGRES_USER=synapseuser
      - POSTGRES_PASSWORD=synapsepass
      - POSTGRES_INITDB_ARGS=--encoding=UTF-8 --lc-collate=C --lc-ctype=C
    restart: always

  synapse:
    image: matrixdotorg/synapse:latest
    container_name: Synapse
    hostname: synapse
    security_opt:
      - no-new-privileges:true
    user: 1026:100
    environment:
      - TZ=Europe/Bucharest
      - SYNAPSE_CONFIG_PATH=/data/homeserver.yaml
    volumes:
      - /volume1/docker/synapse/data:/data
    ports:
      - 8450:8008/tcp
    restart: always
    depends_on:
      synapse-db:
        condition: service_started

Note: Before you paste the code above in the Web editor area below, change the value numbers for user with your own UID and GID values. (Follow my step by step guide on how to do this.) 1026 is my personal UID value and 100 is my personal GID value. You have to type in your own values.
Note: Before you paste the code above in the Web editor area below, change the value for TZ. (Select your current Time Zone from this list.)

Synapse Matrix Synology NAS Set up 17

  • STEP 25

Scroll down on the page until you see a button named Deploy the stack. Click on it. Follow the instructions in the image below. The installation process can take up to a few minutes. It will depend on your Internet speed connection.

Synapse Matrix Synology NAS Set up 18 new 2023

  • STEP 26

If everything goes right, you will see the following message at the top right of your screen: “Success Stack successfully deployed“.

Synapse Matrix Synology NAS Set up 19

  • STEP 27

Download the Element client for Desktop or Mobile from the blue link below.

Download Element

  • STEP 28

Go back to STEP 1 or you will deal with karma 🙂.

  • STEP 29

Once the Element client is downloaded, open it then click Sign in. Follow the instructions in the image below.

Synapse Matrix Synology NAS Set up 20

  • STEP 30

Click Edit to edit the Homeserver. Follow the instructions in the image below.

Synapse Matrix Synology NAS Set up 21

  • STEP 31

On the Other homeserver area, type in your own synology.me DDNS that you have previously created at STEP 7 with https:// at the beginning, then click Continue. Follow the instructions in the image below.

Synapse Matrix Synology NAS Set up 22

  • STEP 32

Once you have added your own synology.me DDNS at STEP 31, Click Create account. Follow the instructions in the image below.

Synapse Matrix Synology NAS Set up 23

  • STEP 33

Type in your own Username and Password then click Register. Follow the instructions in the image below.

Synapse Matrix Synology NAS Set up 24

  • STEP 34

You’re in. Click Skip. Follow the instructions in the image below.

Synapse Matrix Synology NAS Set up 25

  • STEP 35

Click No on the little pop-up at the top left of the page. Follow the instructions in the image below.

Synapse Matrix Synology NAS Set up 26

  • STEP 36

At the top left of the page click on your name then Switch to dark mode to better view the chat. Follow the instructions in the image below.

Synapse Matrix Synology NAS Set up 27

  • STEP 37

Click + then New room to create your first room. Follow the instructions in the image below.

Synapse Matrix Synology NAS Set up 28

  • STEP 38

Type in your own details for the room, then click Create room.

Synapse Matrix Synology NAS Set up 29

Your room is now Ready!

Synapse Matrix Synology NAS Set up 30

Enjoy Matrix Synapse!

Note: You can also install Matrix Conduit.

Note: Find out how to update the Matrix Synapse container with the latest image.
Note: Can I run Docker on my Synology NAS? See the supported models.
Note: How to Free Disk Space on Your NAS if You Run Docker.
Note: How to Schedule Start & Stop For Docker Containers.
Note: How to Activate Email Notifications.
Note: How to Add Access Control Profile on Your NAS.
Note: How to Change Docker Containers Restart Policy.
Note: How to Use Docker Containers With VPN.
Note: Convert Docker Run Into Docker Compose.
Note: How to Clean Docker.
Note: How to Clean Docker Automatically.
Note: Best Practices When Using Docker and DDNS.
Note: Some Docker Containers Need WebSocket.
Note: Find out the Best NAS Models For Docker.
Note: Activate Gmail SMTP For Docker Containers.

This post was updated on Saturday / January 28th, 2023 at 11:45 PM