How to Install PeerTube on Your Synology NAS

How to Install PeerTube on Your Synology NAS

PeerTube is a free and open-source, decentralized, ActivityPub federated video platform powered by WebTorrent that uses peer-to-peer technology to reduce load on individual servers when viewing videos. In this step by step guide I will show you how to install PeerTube on your Synology NAS using Docker and Portainer.

💡Note: This guide works perfectly with the latest PeerTube v6.1.0 release.

  • STEP 1

Please Support My work by Making a Donation.

  • STEP 2

Install Portainer using my step by step guide. If you already have Portainer installed on your Synology NAS, skip this STEP. Attention: Make sure you have installed the latest Portainer version.

  • STEP 3

Make sure you have a synology.me Wildcard Certificate. Follow my guide to get a Wildcard Certificate. If you already have a synology.me Wildcard certificate, skip this STEP.

  • STEP 4

Go to Control Panel / Login Portal / Advanced Tab / click Reverse Proxy. Follow the instructions in the image below.

PeerTube Synology NAS Set up 1

  • STEP 5

Now click the “Create” button. Follow the instructions in the image below.

PeerTube Synology NAS Set up 2

  • STEP 6

After you click the Create button, the window below will open. Follow the instructions in the image below.

On the General area, set the Reverse Proxy Name description: type in PeerTube. After that, add the following instructions:

Source:
Protocol: HTTPS
Hostname: peertube.yourname.synology.me
Port: 443

Check Enable HSTS

Destination:
Protocol: HTTP
Hostname: localhost
Port: 9510

PeerTube Synology NAS Set up 3

  • STEP 7

On the Reverse Proxy Rules click the Custom Header tab. Click Create and then, from the drop-down menu, click WebSocket. After you click on WebSocket, two Header Names and two Values will be automatically added. Click Save. Follow the instructions in the image below.

Synology Proxy WebSocket

  • STEP 8

Go to Control Panel / Network / Connectivity tab/ Check Enable HTTP/2 then click Apply. Follow the instructions in the image below.

PeerTube Synology NAS Set up 4

  • STEP 9

Go to Control Panel / Security / Advanced tab/ Check Enable HTTP Compression then click Apply. Follow the instructions in the image below.

PeerTube Synology NAS Set up 5

  • STEP 10

Go to File Station and open the docker folder. Inside the docker folder, create one new folder and name it peertube. Follow the instructions in the image below.
Note: Be careful to enter only lowercase, not uppercase letters.

PeerTube Synology NAS Set up 6

  • STEP 11

Now create four new folders inside the peertube folder that you created at STEP 10 and name them config, data, db, redis. Follow the instructions in the image below.
Note: Be careful to enter only lowercase, not uppercase letters.

PeerTube Synology NAS Set up 7

  • STEP 12

Follow my step by step guide on how to activate SMTP for your Gmail account. This step is mandatory. Note: If you don’t want to use the easiest way for SMTP with Google and you already have SMTP details from your own Mail Server, you can just skip this STEP and use your personalized email SMTP details instead.

  • STEP 13

Log into Portainer using your username and password. On the left sidebar in Portainer, click on Stacks then + Add stack. Follow the instructions in the image below.

1 Synology Portainer Add Stack

  • STEP 14

In the Name field type in peertube. Follow the instructions in the image below.

Note: Copy Paste the code below in the Portainer Stacks Web editor.

version: "3.9"
services:
  redis:
    image: redis:7
    command: redis-server --requirepass redispass
    container_name: PeerTube-redis
    hostname: peertube-redis
    mem_limit: 512m
    mem_reservation: 256m
    cpu_shares: 768
    security_opt:
      - no-new-privileges:true
    read_only: true
    user: 1026:100
    healthcheck:
      test: ["CMD-SHELL", "redis-cli ping || exit 1"]
    volumes:
      - /volume1/docker/peertube/redis:/data:rw
    environment:
      TZ: Europe/Bucharest
    restart: on-failure:5

  db:
    image: postgres:16
    container_name: PeerTube-DB
    hostname: peertube-db
    mem_limit: 1g
    cpu_shares: 768
    security_opt:
      - no-new-privileges:true
    healthcheck:
      test: ["CMD", "pg_isready", "-q", "-d", "$POSTGRES_DB", "-U", "$POSTGRES_USER"]
      timeout: 45s
      interval: 10s
      retries: 10
    volumes:
      - /volume1/docker/peertube/db:/var/lib/postgresql/data:rw
    env_file:
      - stack.env
    restart: on-failure:5

  peertube:
    image: chocobozzz/peertube:production-bookworm
    container_name: PeerTube
    hostname: peertube
    mem_limit: 12g
    cpu_shares: 2048
    security_opt:
      - no-new-privileges:true
    healthcheck:
      test: curl -f http://localhost:9000/ || exit 1
    ports:
      - 1935:1935 # Comment if you don't want to use the live feature
      - 9510:9000
    volumes:
      - /volume1/docker/peertube/data:/data:rw
      - /volume1/docker/peertube/config:/config:rw
    env_file:
      - stack.env
    restart: on-failure:5
    depends_on:
      redis:
        condition: service_healthy
      db:
        condition: service_healthy

Note: Before you paste the code above in the Web editor area below, change the value numbers for user with your own UID and GID values. (Follow my step by step guide on how to do this.) 1026 is my personal UID value and 100 is my personal GID value. You have to type in your own values.
Note: Before you paste the code above in the Web editor area below, change the value for TZ. (Select your current Time Zone from this list.)

PeerTube Synology NAS Set up 8

  • STEP 15

Click the Upload button after Web editor. Download the stack.env file by clicking the blue link below and then upload it from your computer in the “Load variables from .env files“. Follow the instructions in the image below. 🔒Note: Support my work to unlock the password. You can use this password to download any file on mariushosting forever!

👉🏻Download stack.env file

PeerTube Synology NAS Set up 9

  • STEP 16

Note: On the Environment variables change the value for PEERTUBE_WEBSERVER_HOSTNAME. Type in your own synology.me DDNS that you have previously created at STEP 6 without https at the beginning.
Note: On the Environment variables change the value for PEERTUBE_ADMIN_EMAIL. Type in your own Email Address. This email will be your admin email and you will need it at STEP 26.
Note: On the Environment variables change the value for PEERTUBE_SMTP_USERNAME. Type in your own GMAIL Address. STEP 12
Note:
On the Environment variables change the value for PEERTUBE_SMTP_PASSWORD. Type in your own GMAIL APP PASSWORD. STEP 12
Note: On the Environment variables change the value for PEERTUBE_SMTP_FROM. Type in your own GMAIL Address. STEP 12
Warning: Do not change any of the other values.

PeerTube Synology NAS Set up 10

  • STEP 17

After you made the changes, click the Web editor button. Follow the instructions in the image below.

PeerTube Synology NAS Set up 11

  • STEP 18

Scroll down on the page until you see a button named Deploy the stack. Click on it. Follow the instructions in the image below. The installation process can take up to a few minutes. It will depend on your Internet speed connection.

PeerTube Synology NAS Set up 12

  • STEP 19

If everything goes right, you will see the following message at the top right of your screen: “Success Stack successfully deployed“.

PeerTube Synology NAS Set up 13

  • STEP 20

On the left sidebar in Portainer, click Containers. Identify your PeerTube instance, then click on the little terminal icon. Follow the instructions in the image below.

PeerTube Synology NAS Set up 14

  • STEP 21

After you click on the little terminal icon at STEP 20, a new page will open. Click Connect. Follow the instructions in the image below.

PeerTube Synology NAS Set up 15

  • STEP 22

After you click Connect at STEP 21, a Console will open. Copy Paste the code below. Once the code is inserted, confirm by pressing Enter on your keyboard.

npm run reset-password -- -u root

PeerTube Synology NAS Set up 16

  • STEP 23

After some seconds, you will get a new password request. Type in your own password. Once the password is inserted, confirm by pressing Enter on your keyboard. Note: You won’t see the password you are typing in. You will need this password later at STEP 26.

PeerTube Synology NAS Set up 17

  • STEP 24

After a few seconds, you will get a message in the terminal that says: “User password updated“. Follow the instructions in the image below.

PeerTube Synology NAS Set up 18

  • STEP 25

Go back to STEP 1 or you will deal with karma 🙂.

  • STEP 26

Now open your browser and type in your HTTPS/SSL certificate like this https://peertube.yourname.synology.me that you have previously created at STEP 6. In my case it’s https://peertube.mariushosting.synology.me If everything goes right, you will see the main PeerTube page. On the left sidebar click Login. Type in your own PEERTUBE_ADMIN_EMAIL that you have previously created at STEP 16 and your own Password that you have previously created at STEP 23. Click Login. Follow the instructions in the image below.

PeerTube Synology NAS Set up 19

  • STEP 27

Your Administration dashboard at a glance!

PeerTube Synology NAS Set up 20

  • STEP 28

Upload your videos! Follow the instructions in the image below!

PeerTube Synology NAS Set up 21

Enjoy PeerTube!

🆘TROUBLESHOOTING

If you encounter issues by using this container, make sure to check out the Common Docker issues article.

Note: Find out how to update the PeerTube container with the latest image.
Note: How to Back Up Docker Containers on your Synology NAS.
Note: Can I run Docker on my Synology NAS? See the supported models.
Note: How to Free Disk Space on Your NAS if You Run Docker.
Note: How to Schedule Start & Stop For Docker Containers.
Note: How to Activate Email Notifications.
Note: How to Add Access Control Profile on Your NAS.
Note: How to Change Docker Containers Restart Policy.
Note: How to Use Docker Containers With VPN.
Note: Convert Docker Run Into Docker Compose.
Note: How to Clean Docker.
Note: How to Clean Docker Automatically.
Note: Best Practices When Using Docker and DDNS.
Note: Some Docker Containers Need WebSocket.
Note: Find out the Best NAS Models For Docker.
Note: Activate Gmail SMTP For Docker Containers.

This post was updated on Sunday / May 5th, 2024 at 4:55 PM