How to Install Moodle on Your Synology NAS

How to Install Moodle on Your Synology NAS

Moodle LMS is a very popular open source learning management solution for the delivery of eLearning courses and programs. It’s used not only by universities, but also by hundreds of corporations around the world who provide eLearning education for their employees. In this step by step guide I will show you how to install Moodle on your Synology NAS using Docker and Portainer.

💡Note: This guide works perfectly with the latest Moodle v4.4.1 release.

  • STEP 1

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  • STEP 2

Install Portainer using my step by step guide. If you already have Portainer installed on your Synology NAS, skip this STEP. Attention: Make sure you have installed the latest Portainer version.

  • STEP 3

Make sure you have a synology.me Wildcard Certificate. Follow my guide to get a Wildcard Certificate. If you already have a synology.me Wildcard certificate, skip this STEP.

  • STEP 4

Go to Control Panel / Login Portal / Advanced Tab / click Reverse Proxy. Follow the instructions in the image below.

Moodle Synology NAS Set up 1

  • STEP 5

Now click the “Create” button. Follow the instructions in the image below.

Moodle Synology NAS Set up 2

  • STEP 6

After you click the Create button, the window below will open. Follow the instructions in the image below.

On the General area, set the Reverse Proxy Name description: type in Moodle. After that, add the following instructions:

Source:
Protocol: HTTPS
Hostname: moodle.yourname.synology.me
Port: 443

Check Enable HSTS

Destination:
Protocol: HTTP
Hostname: localhost
Port: 9490

Moodle Synology NAS Set up 3

  • STEP 7

On the Reverse Proxy Rules click the Custom Header tab. Click Create and then, from the drop-down menu, click WebSocket. After you click on WebSocket, two Header Names and two Values will be automatically added. Click Save. Follow the instructions in the image below.

Synology Proxy WebSocket

  • STEP 8

Go to Control Panel / Network / Connectivity tab/ Check Enable HTTP/2 then click Apply. Follow the instructions in the image below.

Moodle Synology NAS Set up 4

  • STEP 9

Go to Control Panel / Security / Advanced tab/ Check Enable HTTP Compression then click Apply. Follow the instructions in the image below.

Moodle Synology NAS Set up 5

  • STEP 10

Go to File Station and open the docker folder. Inside the docker folder, create one new folder and name it moodle. Follow the instructions in the image below.
Note: Be careful to enter only lowercase, not uppercase letters.

Moodle Synology NAS Set up 6

  • STEP 11

Now create three new folders inside the moodle folder that you created at STEP 10 and name them data1data2, db. Follow the instructions in the image below.
Note: Be careful to enter only lowercase, not uppercase letters.

Moodle Synology NAS Set up 7 new

  • STEP 12

Right click on the moodle folder that you have previously created at STEP 10 then click Properties. Follow the instructions in the image below.

Moodle Synology NAS Set up 8 new 2024

  • STEP 13

Go to the Permission tab then click Advanced options. From the drop-down menu choose “Make inherited permissions explicit“. Follow the instructions in the image below.

Moodle Synology NAS Set up 9 new 2024

  • STEP 14

Select Everyone then click the Edit tab. Follow the instructions in the image below.

Moodle Synology NAS Set up 10 new 2024

  • STEP 15

Check all Read and Write Permissions. Click Done. Follow the instructions in the image below.

Moodle Synology NAS Set up 11 new 2024

  • STEP 16

After you click Done on STEP 15, check “Apply to this folder, sub-folders and files“. Click Save. Follow the instructions in the image below.

Moodle Synology NAS Set up 12 new 2024

  • STEP 17

Log into Portainer using your username and password. On the left sidebar in Portainer, click on Stacks then + Add stack. Follow the instructions in the image below.

1 Synology Portainer Add Stack

  • STEP 18

In the Name field type in moodle. Follow the instructions in the image below.

Note: Copy Paste the code below in the Portainer Stacks Web editor.

version: "3.9"
services:
  db:
    image: docker.io/bitnami/mariadb:11.3
    container_name: Moodle-DB
    hostname: moodle-db
    security_opt:
      - no-new-privileges:false
    environment:
      - MARIADB_USER=bn_moodle
      - MARIADB_DATABASE=bitnami_moodle
      - MARIADB_PASSWORD=moodlepass
      - MARIADB_ROOT_PASSWORD=rootpass
      - MARIADB_CHARACTER_SET=utf8mb4
      - MARIADB_COLLATE=utf8mb4_unicode_ci
    volumes:
      - /volume1/docker/moodle/db:/bitnami/mariadb:rw
    restart: on-failure:5

  moodle:
    image: bitnami/moodle:4.4
    container_name: Moodle
    hostname: moodle
    security_opt:
      - no-new-privileges:true
    ports:
      - 9490:8080
    environment:
      - MOODLE_DATABASE_HOST=moodle-db
      - MOODLE_DATABASE_PORT_NUMBER=3306
      - MOODLE_DATABASE_USER=bn_moodle
      - MOODLE_DATABASE_PASSWORD=moodlepass
      - MOODLE_DATABASE_NAME=bitnami_moodle
      - PHP_POST_MAX_SIZE=512M
      - PHP_MEMORY_LIMIT=512M
      - PHP_UPLOAD_MAX_FILESIZE=512M
      - MOODLE_USERNAME=marius
      - MOODLE_PASSWORD=mariushosting
      - MOODLE_SITE_NAME=Learn With Marius
    volumes:
      - /volume1/docker/moodle/data1:/bitnami/moodle:rw
      - /volume1/docker/moodle/data2:/bitnami/moodledata:rw
    restart: on-failure:5
    depends_on:
      db:
        condition: service_started

Note: Before you paste the code above in the Web editor area below, change the value for TZ. (Select your current Time Zone from this list.)
Note: Before you paste the code above in the Web editor area, change the value for MOODLE_USERNAME and add your own username. marius is an example for a username. You have to insert your own username.
Note: Before you paste the code above in the Web editor area, change the value for MOODLE_PASSWORD and add your own password. mariushosting is an example for a password. You have to insert your own password.
Note: Before you paste the code above in the Web editor area, change the value for MOODLE_SITE_NAME and add your site name. Learn With Marius is an example for a site name. You have to insert your own site name.

Moodle Synology NAS Set up 13 new 2025

  • STEP 19

Scroll down on the page until you see a button named Deploy the stack. Click on it. Follow the instructions in the image below. The installation process can take up to a few minutes. It will depend on your Internet speed connection.

Moodle Synology NAS Set up 14 new 2025

  • STEP 20

If everything goes right, you will see the following message at the top right of your screen: “Success Stack successfully deployed“.

Moodle Synology NAS Set up 15 new 2025

  • STEP 21

Go back to STEP 1 or you will deal with karma 🙂.

  • STEP 22

Please wait approximately 10 minutes for the installation to be completed or you will get a Synology blank page if you try to connect too soon. Now open your browser and type in your HTTPS/SSL certificate like this https://moodle.yourname.synology.me In my case it’s https://moodle.mariushosting.synology.me If everything goes right, you will see the Moodle main page. Click Log in at the top right of the page. Follow the instructions in the image below.

Moodle Synology NAS Set up 11

  • STEP 23

Type in your own Username and Password that you have previously created at STEP 18. Click Log in. Follow the instructions in the image below.

Moodle Synology NAS Set up 12

  • STEP 24

Your Moodle Dashboard will look like this.

Moodle Synology NAS Set up 16 new 2025

  • STEP 25

At the top right of the page click Profile to add your own details to the profile. Follow the instructions in the image below.

Moodle Synology NAS Set up 14

  • STEP 26

Follow my Step by step guide on how to Set Up Email Notifications on Moodle.

Enjoy Moodle!

Note: Find out how to update the Moodle container with the latest image.
Note: How to Back Up Docker Containers on your Synology NAS.
Note: Can I run Docker on my Synology NAS? See the supported models.
Note: How to Free Disk Space on Your NAS if You Run Docker.
Note: How to Schedule Start & Stop For Docker Containers.
Note: How to Activate Email Notifications.
Note: How to Add Access Control Profile on Your NAS.
Note: How to Change Docker Containers Restart Policy.
Note: How to Use Docker Containers With VPN.
Note: Convert Docker Run Into Docker Compose.
Note: How to Clean Docker.
Note: How to Clean Docker Automatically.
Note: Best Practices When Using Docker and DDNS.
Note: Some Docker Containers Need WebSocket.
Note: Find out the Best NAS Models For Docker.
Note: Activate Gmail SMTP For Docker Containers.