How To Install Multiple WordPress Sites On Synology NAS

How To Install Multiple WordPress Sites On Synology NAS

I have recently purchased a Synology DS718+ and found out that amongst the many great things we can do with it, one is installing a WordPress site using the Web Station package. But it only lets us install one instance of WordPress. It is possible to manually install and run multiple WordPress sites on Synology NAS. But first of all, you have to read my introduction article “How to speed up WordPress on Synology NAS“.

If you use multiple computers in your house running any OS (Windows 10, Mac or Linux Ubuntu) and would like to pick up WordPress development on your localhost that you have left off on another computer in your home network without dealing with Dropbox, Onedrive, sync for files and a plugin like WP Migrate DB Pro for the database, read on.

how to install wordpress multiple sites on synology nas

After following these steps you should be able to create multiple websites on your localhost like this: local.dev, showcase-pro.dev which are accessible from any device on your network (that you can add a hosts entry in).

In this article I am not going to cover what’s required to make these sites accessible from outside your local WiFi/home network. You can find this information on host from home article. So, let’s start:

  • Log into your NAS LAN. In my case, it is at http://10.0.0.60:5000/.
  • Go to Package Center, search for Web Station and install it. This will create a “web” folder in your NAS’s root.
  • Also, install WordPress package and set it up. While we are not going to use the website created by this package (you may, if you wish), we take this step so that the needed dependencies like PHP, MariaDB 10 can get installed.
  • Install the latest phpMyAdmin and Apache HTTP Server 2.4 packages. These are the relevant packages that I have running: Apache HTTP Server 2.2, Apache HTTP Server 2.4, MariaDB 10, PHP 5.6, PHP 7.0, PHP 7.2 phpMyAdmin, Web Station and WordPress. Some of these may not be needed. You might want to experiment with them.
  • From the Main Menu, launch File Station. Navigate to web folder and create a folder for your site, say, “wordpress-latest”. Go inside the folder. Download WordPress on your computer, extract the zip, drag all the content and drop inside “wordpress-latest”. Alternatively, if you have Download Station package installed you can simply enter https://wordpress.org/latest.zip for the URL and have the file downloaded to “wordpress-latest”, then extract using the option from context menu.
  • Create a folder for your website. Ex. showcase-pro.
  • Copy all the content from “wordpress-latest” into the site’s folder.
  • Right click on the folder and click Properties. Go to Permissions tab. Create a new permission for “http” user granting all Write permissions.
  • Log into your phpMyAdmin (at http://10.0.0.60/phpMyAdmin/ for me) using “root” as the username (password is blank/empty) or use the one you have set up when you installed MariaDB10. After logging in, change the password if you wish. Create a new database for your site. Ex.: showcasepro. During my experiments, the database connection wasn’t working because the database name had a hyphen in it, so I had to change the database name from “showcase-pro” to “showcasepro”.
  • In Windows Explorer/Finder, navigate to your Synology’s network drive and then into your website’s folder.

Rename wp-config-sample.php to wp-config.php and edit it. Set your database name, enter root as username and your password.

Above

/* That's all, stop editing! Happy blogging. */

paste

define('FS_METHOD', 'direct');

If  you are using MariaDB 10, edit wp-config.php parameter for hostname as follows:

/** MySQL hostname */
define(‘DB_HOST’, ‘localhost:/run/mysqld/mysqld10.sock’);

Set new unique keys and salts generated at https://api.wordpress.org/secret-key/1.1/salt/

define('AUTH_KEY',         'put your unique phrase here');
define('SECURE_AUTH_KEY',  'put your unique phrase here');
define('LOGGED_IN_KEY',    'put your unique phrase here');
define('NONCE_KEY',        'put your unique phrase here');
define('AUTH_SALT',        'put your unique phrase here');
define('SECURE_AUTH_SALT', 'put your unique phrase here');
define('LOGGED_IN_SALT',   'put your unique phrase here');
define('NONCE_SALT',       'put your unique phrase here');

Save and close the file.

  • Launch Web Station. General Settings: Set HTTP back-end server to Apache HTTP Server 2.4 and PHP to 7.2.
  • PHP Settings: Set PHP version to 7.2. Leave PHP Cache enabled. Select these extensions: curl, exif, ftp, gd, gettext, iconv, mcrypt, mysqli, openssl, posix, soap, sockets, xmlrpc, zip. Press Apply.
  • Virtual Host: Click Create, enter “showcase-pro.dev” for the Hostname, browse your site’s folder for Document root, select Apache HTTP Server 2.4 and PHP 7.2. Press OK.
  • In your hosts file enter 10.0.0.60 showcase-pro.dev Do this for every computer from which you’d like to work on your local site.
  • Visit http://showcase-pro.dev in your browser and complete the WordPress installation.
  • Log into your WordPress site’s admin, go to Settings > Permalinks and press Save to generate the .htaccess or otherwise pretty permalinks will not work.

That’s it. Now you should be able to administer and access your newly created local WordPress site on any computer in your LAN network.

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